Who votes for the Oscars and how does it work? Find out inside, Entertainment News
The ballots are all here!
Millions of viewers around the world will tune in on Sunday to watch the Oscars, showbiz’s most glitzy night, but most don’t know how the winners are chosen.
Answer: Nearly 9,500 people in the entertainment industry select the winners. The number again reached a record this year. But who are they and how did they become voters?
Here’s a look at the complex, sometimes confusing process that leads to the winners of all 23 Oscars and the fan-favorite new award:
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Who votes? –
The Los Angeles Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences had 9,487 voting members as of mid-January, according to its website.
Academy membership is divided into 17 branches – actors, directors, producers, costume designers, and more. – and applicants must be active or have “achieved distinction” in the industry.
Candidates must be sponsored by two members of the Academy representing their branch. Oscar winners and nominees are automatically considered members and do not need sponsors.
Applications are reviewed once a year in the spring by the Academy’s Board of Governors, which has the final say on who joins the elite group.
Members used to enjoy lifetime voting rights but since 2016, “voting status” is limited to 10 years, and is renewable, to avoid having voters who are no longer active in the company.
Lifetime voting rights only come after three 10-year terms. Those who are not active become “emeritus” members who cannot vote.
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Who are the members of the Academy? –
For a long time, the Academy did not reveal its electoral list, but nothing prevents a member from saying that he can vote.
At the time of the #OscarsSoWhite uproar in 2015 and 2016 over the lack of nominees of color, the Academy revealed that of its 6,000 members, 93% were white and 76% were male. The median age was 63 years old.
The Academy has announced that it will double the number of women and members of minorities by 2020 to foster a more diverse environment.
Last year it admitted only 395 new members, after years of rapid expansion to achieve these goals. The class of 2021 was 46% female, 39% from a minority background and more than half from outside the United States.
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How are the nominees chosen? –
Members of each of the 17 branches select candidates in their area of expertise. The actors branch — the largest voting group — submits nominations for acting categories, directors submit nominations for best director, and more.
Nominations for some awards, such as Best International Film and Best Animated Feature, are chosen by special committees.
All members vote to choose the nominees for the best photo.
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How are the winners chosen?
All voting members choose the winners.
In 22 of the 23 categories, the person with the most votes is the winner.
But when it comes to the coveted Best Picture award, Oscar voters have used a complicated preferential voting system since 2009 in which they rank films from most favorite to least favorite.
Since this year, the Academy has once again presented 10 nominees in the category. If a film garners more than 50% of the votes, it automatically wins. Otherwise, counting proceeds in rounds – the film that received the fewest number of votes for first place is eliminated, and the votes awarded to it are then awarded to the voters’ second choice.
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The process of elimination continues until there remains a film with more than 50% of the votes.
“The idea of ranked ballots is to reflect the wishes of as many voters as possible,” said Ric Robertson, who was the Academy’s chief executive in 2009 when the process changed.
“Otherwise, you might end up with a movie that, say, 25% of people like and the rest can’t,” he told the Los Angeles Times.
“That way hopefully you have a winner that most people can live with.”
New “fan favourite” award
On Sunday, a new prize will be awarded to the most popular film of the year according to fan votes, either on Twitter or on a special website – but don’t call it an Oscar. The new award is not an official category.
Moviegoers were able to vote up to 20 times a day until March 3. They were also asked to choose their favorite “peer moment” movie.
The Academy hopes the new awards could boost declining viewership by possibly honoring audience-pleasing blockbusters such as “Spider-Man: No Way Home.”